IT MUST BE NOTED THAT SOME REQUIREMENTS MAY TAKE PLACE OUTDOORS AND SCOUTS SHOULD ATTEND WITH OUTDOOR GEAR APPROPRIATE FOR THE TIME OF YEAR AND FORECASTED WEATHER CONDITIONS. PLEASE ALSO NOTE ANY SPECIAL ITEMS NEEDED FOR USE SPECIFIC TO THIS MERIT BADGE THAT SCOUTS SHOULD HAVE FOR THE CLASS.
1. Name three ways in which plants are important to animals. Name a plant that is protected in your state or region, and explain why it is at risk.
Scouts should use the
Nature Merit Badge pamphlet,
along with other sources, to prepare notes for explanation of this
requirement during the class. Only Scouts who are prepared and actively participate in the discussion will be signed off on this requirement.
2. Name three ways in which animals are important to plants. Name an animal that is protected in your state or region, and explain why it is at risk.
Scouts will find most
of, if not all, the information needed to complete this requirement in the merit badge pamphlet. Scouts are encouraged to use a Merit Badge Workbook to track their findings and to share these with
their merit badge counselor during the appropriate time
at class. Preparing in this
manner will aid the merit badge
counselor in reviewing with the
Scout their preparation work and
knowledge as it pertains to this
3. Explain the term "food chain." Give an example of a four-step land food chain and a four-step water food chain.
It is strongly recommended that Scouts come to the class with notes ready to assist in completing this requirement. Scouts will want to be able to share their explanation clearly and concisely and notes will not only aid in this but help show the Counselor that some thought and effort has gone into preparing for this requirement.
4. Do all of the requirements in FIVE of the following fields:
(1) In the field, identify eight species of birds.
(2) Make and set out a birdhouse OR a feeding station OR a birdbath. List what birds used it during a period of one month.
(1) In the field, identify three species of wild mammals.
(2) Make plaster casts of the tracks of a wild mammal.
(c) Reptiles and Amphibians
(1) Show that you can recognize the venomous snakes in your area.
(2) In the field, identify three species of reptiles or amphibians.
(3) Recognize one species of toad or frog by voice; OR identify one reptile or amphibian by eggs, den, burrow or other signs.
(d) Insects and Spiders
(1) Collect and identify either in the field or through photographs 10 species of insects or spiders.
(2) Hatch an insect from the pupa or cocoon; OR hatch adults from nymphs; OR keep larvae until they form pupae or cocoons; OR keep a colony of ants or bees through one season.
(1) Identify two species of fish native to your area.
(2) Collect four kinds of animal food eaten by fish in the wild.
(f) Mollusks and Crustaceans
(1) Identify five species of mollusks and crustaceans.
(2) Collect, mount, and label six shells.
(1) In the field, identify 15 species of wild plants.
(2) Collect and label the seeds of six plants OR the leaves of 12 plants.
(h) Soils and Rocks
(1) Collect and identify soils found in different layers of a soil profile.
(2) Collect and identify five different types of rocks from your area.
Scouts will spend a majority of the class time working on this requirement. Any preparation work Scouts may choose to do will be welcomed by the counselor and class for sharing.
Work done on this requirement
prior to the class will create a
higher level of success for
completion. Be Prepared.
In most cases all specimens should be returned to the wild at the location of original capture after the requirements have been met. Check with your merit badge counselor for those instances where the return of these specimens would not be appropriate.
Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, some plants and animals are or may be protected by federal law. The same ones and/or others may be protected by state law. Be sure that you do not collect protected species.
Your state may require that you purchase and carry a license to collect certain species. Check with the wildlife and fish and game official in your state regarding species regulations before you begin to collect.